Wann spielt wales
The pound sterling is the currency used in Wales. Numerous Welsh banks issued their own banknotes in the 19th century.
The last bank to do so closed in ; since then, although banks in Scotland and Northern Ireland continue to have the right to issue banknotes in their own countries, the Bank of England has a monopoly on the issue of banknotes in Wales.
However, Wales has not been represented on any coin minted from The A55 expressway has a similar role along the north Wales coast, connecting Holyhead and Bangor with Wrexham and Flintshire.
It also links to north-west England, principally Chester. The main north-south Wales link is the A , which runs from Cardiff to Llandudno.
Cardiff Airport is the only large and international airport in Wales. Other internal flights operate to northern England, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
The Welsh Government manages those parts of the British railway network within Wales, through the Transport for Wales Rail train operating company.
Cardiff Central is Wales' busiest railway station, with over four times as much passenger traffic as any other station in Wales. Beeching cuts in the s mean that most of the remaining network is geared toward east-west travel connecting with the Irish Sea ports for ferries to Ireland.
All trains in Wales are diesel-powered since no lines have been electrified. Wales has four commercial ferry ports.
Regular ferry services to Ireland operate from Holyhead , Pembroke and Fishguard. The Swansea to Cork service, cancelled in , was reinstated in March , but has been withdrawn again in A distinct education system has developed in Wales.
The first grammar schools were established in Welsh towns such as Ruthin , Brecon and Cowbridge. At the end of the day, the wearer of the "not" would be beaten.
The University College of Wales opened in Aberystwyth in Cardiff and Bangor followed, and the three colleges came together in to form the University of Wales.
The Welsh Department for the Board of Education followed in , which gave Wales its first significant educational devolution.
In —, there were 1, maintained schools in Wales. Historically, Wales was served by smaller 'cottage' hospitals, built as voluntary institutions.
A History of Wales. The population of Wales doubled from , in to 1,, in and had reached 2,, by Most of the increase came in the coal mining districts, especially Glamorganshire , which grew from 71, in to , in and 1,, in However, there was also large-scale migration into Wales during the Industrial Revolution.
The English were the most numerous group, but there were also considerable numbers of Irish and smaller numbers of other ethnic groups,   including Italians , who migrated to South Wales.
Many of these self-identify as Welsh. The census showed Wales' population to be 3,,, the highest in its history. The UK census was criticised in Wales for not offering 'Welsh' as an option to describe respondents' national identity.
Respondents were instructed to "tick all that apply" from a list of options that included Welsh. The outcome was that No Welsh national identity was indicated by The proportion giving their sole national identity as British was No British national identity was indicated by The census showed Wales to be less ethnically diverse than any region of England: The lowest proportion of White British The proportion born in Wales varies across the country, with the highest percentages in the south Wales valleys and the lowest in mid Wales and parts of the north-east.
The total fertility rate TFR in Wales was 1. In his work Archaeologia Britannica Edward Lhuyd , keeper of the Ashmolean Museum , noted the similarity between the two Celtic language families: He argued that the Brythonic languages originated in Gaul France and that the Goidelic languages originated in the Iberian Peninsula.
Lhuyd concluded that as the languages had been of Celtic origin, the people who spoke those languages were Celts. According to a more recent hypothesis, also widely embraced today, Goidelic and Brythonic languages, collectively known as Insular Celtic languages , evolved together for some time separately from Continental Celtic languages such as Gaulish and Celtiberian.
From the 18th century, the peoples of Brittany , Cornwall , Ireland , Isle of Man , Scotland and Wales were known increasingly as Celts, and they are regarded as the modern Celtic nations today.
The Bible translations into Welsh helped to maintain the use of Welsh in daily life. The Welsh Language Act and the Government of Wales Act provide that the English and Welsh languages be treated on a basis of equality, and both are used as working languages within the National Assembly.
Code-switching is common in all parts of Wales and is known by various terms, though none is recognised by professional linguists.
It has been influenced significantly by Welsh grammar and includes words derived from Welsh. According to John Davies, Wenglish has "been the object of far greater prejudice than anything suffered by Welsh".
The Census showed , people, Road signs in Wales are generally in both English and Welsh; where place names differ in the two languages, both versions are used e.
Under new regulations that came into force in , the Welsh Language Commissioner requires local authorities and Welsh Government to ensure that all new or renewed road signs that use both languages to feature the Welsh language first.
During the 20th century, a number of small communities of speakers of languages other than Welsh or English, such as Bengali or Cantonese , established themselves in Wales as a result of immigration.
The largest religion in Wales is Christianity, with The Presbyterian Church of Wales was born out of the Welsh Methodist revival in the 18th century and seceded from the Church of England in Islam is the largest non-Christian religion in Wales, with 24, 0.
There are also communities of Hindus and Sikhs , mainly in the south Wales cities of Newport, Cardiff and Swansea, while the largest concentration of Buddhists is in the western rural county of Ceredigion.
The remnants of the native Celtic mythology of the pre-Christian Britons was passed down orally, in much-altered form, by the cynfeirdd the early poets.
Wales can claim one of the oldest unbroken literary traditions in Europe. The Poets of the Princes were professional poets who composed eulogies and elegies to the Welsh princes while the Poets of the Gentry were a school of poets that favoured the cywydd metre.
Despite the extinction of the professional poet, the integration of the native elite into a wider cultural world did bring other literary benefits.
Major developments in 19th-century Welsh literature include Lady Charlotte Guest's translation of the Mabinogion, one of the most important medieval Welsh prose tales of Celtic mythology, into English.
The 20th century experienced an important shift away from the stilted and long-winded Victorian Welsh prose, with Thomas Gwynn Jones leading the way with his work Ymadawiad Arthur.
Though the inter-war period is dominated by Saunders Lewis , for his political and reactionary views as much as his plays, poetry and criticism.
Thomas was one of the most notable and popular Welsh writers of the 20th century and one of the most innovative poets of his time. The attitude of the post-war generation of Welsh writers in English towards Wales differs from the previous generation, in that they were more sympathetic to Welsh nationalism and to the Welsh language.
The change can be linked to the nationalist fervour generated by Saunders Lewis and the burning of the Bombing School on the Lleyn Peninsula in , along with a sense of crisis generated by World War II.
Thomas — was the most important figure throughout the second half of the twentieth century. While he "did not learn the Welsh language until he was 30 and wrote all his poems in English",  he wanted the Welsh language to be made the first language of Wales, and the official policy of bilingualism abolished.
The major novelist in the second half of the twentieth century was Emyr Humphreys Born near Abergavenny , Williams continued the earlier tradition of writing from a left-wing perspective on the Welsh industrial scene in his trilogy " Border Country " , "Second Generation" , and "The Fight for Manod" He also enjoyed a reputation as a cultural historian.
The National Museum [of] Wales was founded by royal charter in and is now a Welsh Government sponsored body. In April , the attractions attached to the National Museum were granted free entry by the Assembly, and this action saw the visitor numbers to the sites increase during — by Aberystwyth is home to the National Library of Wales , which houses some of the most important collections in Wales, including the Sir John Williams Collection and the Shirburn Castle collection.
Many works of Celtic art have been found in Wales. A number of illuminated manuscripts from Wales survive, of which the 8th-century Hereford Gospels and Lichfield Gospels are the most notable.
The 11th-century Ricemarch Psalter now in Dublin is certainly Welsh, made in St David's , and shows a late Insular style with unusual Viking influence.
The best of the few Welsh artists of the 16th—18th centuries tended to leave the country to work, many of them moving to London or Italy.
Richard Wilson —82 is arguably the first major British landscapist. Although more notable for his Italian scenes, he painted several Welsh scenes on visits from London.
By the late 18th century, the popularity of landscape art grew and clients were found in the larger Welsh towns, allowing more Welsh artists to stay in their homeland.
Artists from outside Wales were also drawn to paint Welsh scenery, at first because of the Celtic Revival. Then in the early 19th century, the Napoleonic Wars preventing the Grand Tour to continental Europe, travel through Wales came to be considered more accessible.
An Act of Parliament in provided for the establishment of a number of art schools throughout the United Kingdom and the Cardiff School of Art opened in Graduates still very often had to leave Wales to work, but Betws-y-Coed became a popular centre for artists and its artists' colony helped form the Royal Cambrian Academy of Art in Christopher Williams , whose subjects were mostly resolutely Welsh, was also based in London.
Stephens and Andrew Vicari had very successful careers as portraitists based respectively in the United States and France. Many Welsh painters gravitated towards the art capitals of Europe.
However, the landscapists Sir Kyffin Williams and Peter Prendergast lived in Wales for most of their lives, while remaining in touch with the wider art world.
Ceri Richards was very engaged in the Welsh art scene as a teacher in Cardiff and even after moving to London. He was a figurative painter in international styles including Surrealism.
The Kardomah Gang was an intellectual circle centred on the poet Dylan Thomas and poet and artist Vernon Watkins in Swansea, which also included the painter Alfred Janes.
South Wales had several notable potteries , one of the first important sites being the Ewenny Pottery in Bridgend , which began producing earthenware in the 17th century.
It was officially recognised as the Welsh national flag in George which then represented the Kingdom of England and Wales.
The daffodil and the leek are both symbols of Wales. The origins of the leek can be traced to the 16th century, while the daffodil became popular in the 19th century, encouraged by David Lloyd George.
The red kite is a national symbol of Welsh wildlife. The Prince of Wales' heraldic badge is also sometimes used to symbolise Wales.
The badge, known as the Prince of Wales's feathers , consists of three white feathers emerging from a gold coronet.
A ribbon below the coronet bears the German motto Ich dien I serve. Several Welsh representative teams, including the Welsh rugby union, and Welsh regiments in the British Army the Royal Welsh , for example use the badge or a stylised version of it.
The Prince of Wales has claimed that only he has the authority to use the symbol. Land of My Fathers is the National Anthem of Wales, and is played at events such as football or rugby matches involving the Wales national team as well as the opening of the Welsh Assembly and other official occasions.
More than 50 national governing bodies regulate and organise their sports in Wales. Although football has traditionally been the more popular sport in north Wales , rugby union is seen as a symbol of Welsh identity and an expression of national consciousness.
The five professional sides that replaced the traditional club sides in major competitions in were replaced in by the four regions: Cardiff Blues , Dragons , Ospreys and Scarlets.
Wales has had its own football league , the Welsh Premier League , since Rugby league in Wales dates back to The Crusaders competed in the top level Super League competition from — A professional Welsh League existed from to Wales has produced several world-class participants of individual sports including snooker players Ray Reardon , Terry Griffiths , Mark Williams and Matthew Stevens.
Wales also has a tradition of producing world-class boxers. Wales has hosted several international sporting events.
All Welsh television broadcasts are digital. The last of the analogue transmitters ceased broadcasts in April , and Wales became the UK's first digital nation.
BBC Cymru Wales is the national broadcaster. Its output was mostly Welsh-language at peak hours but shared English-language content with Channel 4 at other times.
Since the digital switchover in April , the channel has broadcast exclusively in Welsh. Their remaining output is commissioned from ITV and independent producers.
Several regional radio stations broadcast in Welsh: Most of the newspapers sold and read in Wales are national newspapers available throughout Britain, unlike in Scotland where many newspapers have rebranded into Scottish-based titles.
The Western Mail is Wales' only national daily newspaper. Magazines published in Welsh and English cover general and specialist subjects. Cambria , a Welsh affairs magazine published bi-monthly in English, has subscribers in over 30 countries.
Although both beef and dairy cattle are raised widely, especially in Carmarthenshire and Pembrokeshire, Wales is more well known for its sheep farming and thus lamb is the meat traditionally associated with Welsh cooking.
Traditional dishes include laverbread made from laver Porphyra umbilicalis , an edible seaweed ; bara brith fruit bread ; cawl a lamb stew ; cawl cennin leek soup ; Welsh cakes ; and Welsh lamb.
Cockles are sometimes served as a traditional breakfast with bacon and laverbread. Although Wales has its own traditional food and has absorbed much of the cuisine of England, Welsh diets now owe more to the countries of India , China and the United States.
Wales is often referred to as "the land of song",  and is notable for its harpists, male choirs, and solo artists. The principal Welsh festival of music and poetry is the annual National Eisteddfod.
The Llangollen International Eisteddfod echoes the National Eisteddfod but provides an opportunity for the singers and musicians of the world to perform.
Traditional music and dance in Wales is supported by a myriad of societies. The Welsh Folk Song Society has published a number of collections of songs and tunes.
Traditional instruments of Wales include telyn deires triple harp , fiddle, crwth , pibgorn hornpipe and other instruments.
Popular bands that emerged from Wales include the Beatles-nurtured power pop group Badfinger in the s, Man and Budgie in the s and the Alarm in the s.
Many groups emerged during the s, led by Manic Street Preachers , followed by the likes of the Stereophonics and Feeder ; notable during this period were Catatonia , Super Furry Animals , and Gorky's Zygotic Mynci who gained popular success as dual-language artists.
Male voice choirs emerged in the 19th century and continue today. Originally these choirs where formed as the tenor and bass sections of chapel choirs, and embraced the popular secular hymns of the day.
Along with the playhouses, there existed mobile companies at visiting fairs, though from most of these travelling theatres settled, purchasing theatres to perform in.
Drama in the early 20th century thrived, but the country failed to produce a Welsh National Theatre company.
After the Second World War the substantial number of amateur companies that had existed before the outbreak of hostilities reduced by two-thirds.
Other Welsh actors to have crossed the Atlantic more recently include: Dancing is a popular pastime in Wales; traditional dances include folk dancing and clog dancing.
The first mention of dancing in Wales is in a 12th-century account by Giraldus Cambrensis , but by the 19th century traditional dance had all but died out; this is attributed to the influence of Nonconformists and their belief that any physical diversion was worthless and satanic, especially mixed dancing.
The Welsh Folk Dance Society was founded in ;  it supports a network of national amateur dance teams and publishes support material. Contemporary dance grew out of Cardiff in the s; one of the earliest companies, Moving Being, came from London to Cardiff in As well as celebrating many of the traditional religious festivals of Great Britain, such as Easter and Christmas, Wales has its own unique celebratory days.
An early festivity was Mabsant when local parishes would celebrate the patron saint of their local church.
Commemorating the patron saint of friendship and love, Dydd Santes Dwynwen 's popularity has been increasing recently. It is celebrated on 25 January in a similar way to St Valentine's Day: Calan Gaeaf , associated with the supernatural and the dead, is observed on 1 November All Saints Day.
It has largely been replaced by Hallowe'en. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country.
For other uses, see Wales disambiguation. Sovereign state Legal jurisdiction. National Assembly UK Parliament. Wales in the Roman era.
Glamorgan and Lower Swansea valley. Local government in Wales. History of local government in Wales. List of settlements in Wales by population and List of towns in Wales.
Tourism in Wales and Agriculture in Wales. List of universities in Wales and List of further education colleges in Wales. Demography of Wales and Demography of the United Kingdom.
Languages of Wales , Welsh language , and Welsh English. Mythology Matter of Britain Arthurian legend Mabinogion.
Music and performing arts. National symbols of Wales. List of newspapers in Wales. It seems comparatively late as a place name, the nominative plural Lloegrwys , "men of Lloegr", being earlier and more common.
The English were sometimes referred to as an entity in early poetry Saeson , as today but just as often as Eingl Angles , Iwys Wessex-men , etc.
Lloegr and Sacson became the norm later when England emerged as a kingdom. As for its origins, some scholars have suggested that it originally referred only to Mercia — at that time a powerful kingdom and for centuries the main foe of the Welsh.
It was then applied to the new kingdom of England as a whole see for instance Rachel Bromwich ed. See also Discussion in Reference The meaning behind the Welsh motto".
Retrieved 22 March Retrieved 26 July Retrieved 7 July Retrieved 24 April Retrieved 10 October Henry wrote the same about Wallachia.
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The doggerel verse was composed in English, probably for the benefit of visitors from across Offa's Dyke.
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Archived from the original on 5 January The psychology of distance: Institute of Welsh Affairs published Archived from the original PDF on 4 December Archived from the original PDF on 22 February Spiel um Platz drei bei EM wieder einführen!
Der Erfolg ist allerdings bescheiden. Bis zum Samstagmittag hatten sich erst neun Unterstützer für das Anliegen gefunden. Gleichwohl steht das Thema wieder im Raum.
Doch auch das überzeugt die Funktionäre der Uefa offenbar nicht von einem Schwenk in der Sache. Wie bei kaum einer anderen EM spielten soziale Medien eine unterhaltende Rolle.
Der Ausfall des Superstars setzte bei seinen Kollegen ganz besondere Kräfte frei. Der Kapitän musste früh verletzt raus.
Doch Portugal wird Europameister! Portugal rutschte glücklich in die K. Kindheit, Karriere und Spongebob: Möchten Sie zur mobilen Ansicht wechseln?
Von Dublin bis Baku: Löw bleibt bis ! Bilder, die bleiben Von schönen Toren bis zu Rettungstaten.Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Doch Hennessey kratzt die Kugel mit einer tollen Parade noch aus dem Eck. Feines Zuspiel von Bale auf den durchgestarteten Davies, der das Spielgerät aber nicht kontrollieren kann. Im Viertelfinale am Gastgeber und späteren Vierten gescheitert. Trotz einiger heftig geführter Zweikämpfe hat Schiri Aytekin hier noch keine Karte verteilt. Ob eine Einigung gelingt, ist noch offen. Schmeichel kratzt einen abgefälschten Bale-Schuss "aus dem Winkel", reingegangen wäre der Ball vermutlich nicht. Minute hatten Guido Burgstaller Wales hat seine Chancen auf die zweite WM-Teilnahme nach gewahrt. In der Vorrunde an Ungarn gescheitert.
Wann Spielt Wales VideoElton John - Candle in the Wind/Goodbye England's Rose - Princess Diana's Funeral 1997
On completion of the first round, the team travelled to Coventry to complete the tournament. In Basketball Wales was part of the Great Britain men's team that played at the Summer Olympics in London, but after no Welsh players were selected for the team they decided to leave the Great Britain team to allow their players greater international exposure.
Joe Calzaghe , born to a Welsh mother and Italian father and raised in Newbridge , retired in as an unbeaten world champion.
British baseball , sometimes called Welsh baseball, or in the areas where it is popular simply baseball, is a bat-and-ball game played primarily in Wales and England.
It is closely related to the game of rounders, and emerged as a distinct sport when governing bodies in Wales and England agreed to change the name of the game from "rounders" when the rules were codified in In recent years the sport has gone into decline, having once been able to attract crowds of 20,, British Baseball is now a minority sport.
Despite this an international match between England and Wales, initiated in , is played annually, with Wales dominant in recent years.
There is a separate Wales cricket team that occasionally participates in limited-overs domestic competition. A Wales team also plays in the English Minor Counties competition.
Cricket is one of the most popular summer sports within Wales. Cycling has been a popular sport in Wales since the Victorian period.
Darts is a popular amateur sport in Wales, widely associated with public houses and working men's clubs.
The sport first gained widespread popularity in the s, and s, being a relatively cheap hobby that could be enjoyed with friends socially.
During this period pub cup competitions and league teams began to form in the country. Although a sport most associated with Scotland , golf has a tradition in Wales stretching back to the late 19th century.
The first recognised golf courses were constructed in Wales in the s, though a short course was built in Pontnewydd in Cwmbran in The first amateur golf championship was held at Aberdovey in , and nine years later the first professional championship was at Radyr in Cardiff.
Despite the openness of the sport to both sexes, it was still considered elitist by many in Wales, and essentially an English past time.
As living standards improved during the 20th century, golf began to lose its elitist label, and was embraced by all sections of society. Wales has won the golfing World Cup on two occasions, with the pairing of David Llewellyn and Ian Woosnam lifting the trophy in Hawaii in , and again in , with Stephen Dodd and Bradley Dredge winning in Portugal.
Seven Welshmen have appeared at the European Ryder Cup team: Meanwhile, Becky Brewerton has played at the Solheim Cup. Europe beat the USA by The event also made history by becoming the first Ryder Cup to stretch over four days, following heavy rain throughout the weekend.
Organised horse racing in Wales originated with the gentry and aristocracy, but by there were internationally recognised flat races at many locations around the country, including Cowbridge , Brecon and Wrexham.
The 20th century saw the Welsh working class embrace the sport, mainly due to the spread of off-course betting. Wales has produced several jockeys of note, including Jack Anthony who won the Grand National on three occasions , and , Hywel Davies who won it in and Carl Llewellyn who won the race most recently in and again in Another notable Welsh jockey was Dick Francis , who was British jump racing Champion Jockey in the —54 season and was famous for riding Devon Loch when the horse slipped close to the winning post when leading Grand National.
In retirement Francis became a best-selling author of crime novels set in the racing world. A popular, if unusual, form of horseracing in Wales is harness racing , known in Wales as 'trotting'.
The sport of lacrosse in Great Britain gained popularity when Queen Victoria championed the sport as suitable for girls in public schools.
The women's team has been far more successful, and have never been out of the top three in the women's European Lacrosse Championships, winning the competition , and They are the current European champions.
The rugged terrain of the country also gives plenty of opportunities for rally driving and Wales currently hosts the Wales Rally GB , the finale of the World Rally Championship.
Two Welsh drivers have competed in the Formula One championship: Rees was subsequently involved in the management side of motorsport for many years, co-founding March Engineering and the Arrows team as well as working for Shadow Racing Cars.
Pryce's career was cut short after he collided with volunteer marshal, Jansen Van Vuuren , killing both instantly.
Freddie Williams was world speedway champion in and , and the British Grand Prix — the United Kingdom's round of the world championship — is held each year at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff.
For many years Newport Wasps ran a team in the British speedway leagues as did Carmarthen. Wales has also produced several champions in autograss , a form of motor racing on grass or dirt tracks.
Early attempts made to bring rugby league to Wales in the 20th century, was the formation of the short-lived Welsh League in which was followed by the second Welsh League which ran from until They both compete in Championship 1 , the third tier of British Rugby League.
The national side , nicknamed the Dragons, has often been one of the strongest sides in international rugby league and has also provided a number of players for the Great Britain team.
The national side competed in the Four Nations , finishing last in the table. The Wales Rugby League achieved governing body status in Although little is known of the development of snooker or billiards in Wales, in the 20th century it became a popular past time in working men's clubs.
The popularisation of colour television in the s, brought the game of snooker to a new demographic of viewers. The decade was dominated by Ray Reardon from Tredegar , who won six World Snooker Championship titles, and when the first world rankings were introduced in , Reardon became the first world number one snooker player.
Wales has continued to produce world class snooker players since Reardon's time, including Terry Griffiths , Mark Williams and Matthew Stevens. Amateur participation in the sport is very high.
Australian rules football is a growing sport with several clubs starting up in the mids. Wales has a national team the Wales Australian rules football team , they are the holders of the Dragon Cup after beating England —93 on aggregate on 18 and 25 October Wales also competes as part of the Great Britain Australian rules football team in the Australian Football International Cup , which is essentially a World Cup for all countries apart from Australia which is the only place where the sport is played professionally.
Founded in April , the league has a two publicly bouting A and B teams, as well as two Intraleague teams, the Merchants of Menace and the Bruise Birds not yet debuted publicly.
The team was formed in after the Tiger Bay Warriors had disbanded due to the departure of head coach Rob Mota, along with key staff and players, by the remaining players and staff, using equipment, resources and shirts from the folded Tiger Bay Warriors for economical purposes.
Wales is also popular for surfing. Wales has produced many notable Olympic and Paralympic athletes for the Great Britain team. Wales' Paralympic athletes were exceptionally successful throughout the s, winning 27 medals in the Summer Paralympics 12 gold, six silver, nine bronze  and achieving 14 medals at Summer Paralympics ten gold, three silvers, one bronze.
He has also rode the Tour de France in , , , , and Cardiff provided training facilities for some visiting teams of the Summer Olympics.
The leading body for physical education in the United Kingdom is the Association for Physical Education.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Mythology Matter of Britain Arthurian legend Mabinogion.
Music and performing arts. Rugby union in Wales. Football in Wales and Football in the United Kingdom. Horse racing in Wales.
At the dawn o the Industrial Revolution , development o the minin an metallurgical industries transformed the kintra frae an agricultural society intae an industrial naition; the South Wales Coalfield 's exploitation gart a fest waxin o Wales' population.
Twa-thirds o the population leeve in sooth Wales , mainly in an aroond Cairdiff the caipital , Swansea an Newport , an in the naurhaun valleys.
Nou that the kintra's tradeetional howkin an hivy industries hae gane or is dwynin, Wales' economy depends on the public sector , licht an service industries an tourism.
Awtho Wales closely skares its poleetical an social history wi the rest o Great Breetain, an the vast majority o the population speaks Inglis , the kintra haes reteened a distinct cultural identity an is offeecially bilingual.
Ower , Welsh leid speakers leeve in Wales, an the leid is spoken bi a majority o the population in pairts o the north an wast.
Frae the late 19t century onwart, Wales acquired its popular eemage as the "laund o sang", in pairt due tae the eisteddfod tradeetion.
Rugby union is seen as a seembol o Welsh identity an an expression o naitional awaurness. The wirds "Wales" an "Welsh" derive frae the same Germanic ruit singular Walh , plural Walha , that wis itsel derived frae the name o the Celtic tribe kent tae the Romans as Volcae an that cam tae refer haund ower heid tae aw Celts.
It emphasised that the Welsh in modren Wales an in the Hen Ogledd war ane fowk, different frae ither fowks. Accordin tae paleontologists, Wales haes been indwellt bi modren humans for at least 29, year.
Bi the time o the Roman invasion o Britain the aurie o modren Wales haed been dividit amang the tribes o the Deceangli , Ordovices , Cornovii , Demetae an Silures for centuries.
The Roman conquest o Wales begoud in AD 48 an teuk 30 year tae complete. Roman rule lastit ower year.
The campaigns o conquest are the maist widely kent featur o Wales during the Roman era , acause o the speeritit, but hinderly unsuccessfu, defence o thair hamelands bi twa native tribes: Roman rule in Wales wis a militar occupation, sauf for the soothren coastal region o sooth Wales , east o the Gower Peninsula , whaur thare is a legacy o Romanisation.
Early historians, includin the 6t century cleric Gildas , hae notit as a signeeficant pynt in Welsh history,  as it is statit in leeteratur as the foondation pynt o several medieval ryal dynasties.
In that year the Roman general Magnus Maximus , or Macsen Wledig, strippit aw o wastren an northren Breetain o truips an senior admeenistrators, tae faw tae a sonsie bid for imperial pouer; conteenuin tae rule Breetain frae Gaul as emperor.
Haein left wi the truips an Roman admeenistrators, an plannin tae conteena as the ruler o Breetain in the futur, his practical coorse wis tae transfer local authority tae local rulers.
The earliest Welsh genealogies gie Maximus the role o foondin faither for several ryal dynasties, includin thae o Powys an Gwent.
The year period follaein the collapse o Roman rule is the maist difficult tae interpret in the history o Wales. Afore extensive studies o the distribution o R1b Y-DNA subclades , some previously mainteened that native Britons war displaced bi the invaders.
Frae onwart, a series o dynastic mairiages led tae Rhodri Mawr 's r. His sons in turn wad foond three principal dynasties Aberffraw for Gwynedd, Dinefwr for Deheubarth an Mathrafal for Powys.
Rhodri's grandson Hywel Dda r. Maredudd's great-grandson throu his dauchter Princess Angharad Gruffydd ap Llywelyn r. Owain Gwynedd —70 o the Aberffraw line wis the first Welsh ruler tae uise the teetle princeps Wallensium prince o the Welsh , a teetle o substance gien his veectory on the Berwyn Moontains , accordin tae John Davies.
Owain Gwynedd's grandson Llywelyn Fawr the Great, — , wrestit concessions throu the Magna Carta in an receivin the fealty o ither Welsh lairds in at the cooncil at Aberdyfi , acame the first Prince o Wales.
Wi Llywelyn's daith an his brither prince Dafydd 's execution, the few remeenin Welsh lairds did homage for thair launds tae Edward I.
Tae help mainteen his dominance, Edward constructit a series o great stane castles: Beaumaris , Caernarfon an Conwy. But the rebellion failed, an Owain went intae hidin in ; peace wis essentially restored in Wales bi Awtho the Statute o Rhuddlan in providit the constitutional basis for post-conquest government o the Principality o north Wales frae till , thare wis na formal Union till Prior tae the Breetish Industrial Revolution , that saw a rapid economic expansion atween an , thare war signs o smaw-scale industries scaitert ootthrou Wales.
The Penrhyn Quarry , appent in bi Richard Pennant , wis employin 15, men bi the late 19t century,  an alang wi Dinorwic Quarry , it dominatit the Welsh slate tred.
As the sooth Wales coalfield wis exploitit, mainly in the upland valleys aroond Aberdare an later the Rhondda , the ports o Swansea, Cairdiff an later Penarth, growed intae warld exporters ofcoal an, wi them, cam a population buim.
Historian Kenneth Morgan descrived Wales on the even o the First Warld War as a "relatively placid, sel-confident an successfu naition". Ootput frae the coalfields continued tae increase, wi the Rhondda Valley recordin a peak o 9.
The first quarter o the 20t century an aa saw a shift in the poleetical laundscape o Wales. Syne , the Leeberal Pairty haed held a pairlamentar majority in Wales an, follaein the general election o , anerly ane non-Leeberal Member o Pairlament, Keir Hardie o Merthyr Tydfil , representit a Welsh constituency at Wastmeenster.
Efter economic growthe in the first twa decades o the 20t century, Wales' staple industries endured a prolanged slump frae the early s tae the late s, leadin tae widespread unemployment an poverty in the sooth Wales valleys.
The Seicont Warld War — saw Welsh servicemen an weemen fecht in aw the major theatres o war, wi some 15, o them killed. The 20t century saw a revival in Welsh naitional feelin.
Plaid Cymru wis formed in , seekin greater autonomy or unthirldom frae the rest o the UK. Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg The Welsh Leid Society wis formed in , in response tae lang-held fears that the leid micht suin dee oot.
At a bi-election in , Gwynfor Evans wan the pairlamentar seat o Carmarthen , Plaid Cymru's first Pairlamentar seat.
In the first referendum , in , the Welsh electorate votit on the creaution o an assembly for Wales, but thare wis a lairge majority for the "na" vote.
Wales is a kintra that is pairt o the Unitit Kinrick. Referendums held in Wales an Scotland in chuise tae establish a form o sel-govrenment in baith kintras.
The twinty auries o responsibeelity devolved tae the Welsh Govrenment, kent as "subjects", include agricultur, economic development, eddication, heal, hoosin, local govrenment, social services, tourism, transport an the Welsh leid.
Thir "principal auries"  are responsible for the provision o aw local govrenment services, includin eddication, social wark, environment an roads services.
Wales is a generally moontainous kintra on the wastren side o central soothren Great Breetain. Muckle o Wales' diverse laundscape is moontainous, pairticularly in the north an central regions.
The moontains war shapit during the last ice age, the Devensian glaciation. The Seiven Wunners o Wales is a leet in doggerel verse o seiven geographic an cultural laundmerks in Wales probably componed in the late 18t century unner the influence o tourism frae Ingland.
Snowdon the heichest moontain , the Gresford bells the peal o bells in the medieval kirk o All Saints at Gresford , the Llangollen brig biggit in ower the River Dee , St Winefride's Well a pilgrimage steid at Holywell in Flintshire , the Wrexham Wrecsam steeple 16t-century touer o St Giles' Church, Wrexham , the Overton yew trees auncient yew trees in the kirkyaird o St.
Wales lies within the north temperate zone. It haes a cheengeable, maritime climate an is ane o the weetest kintras in Europe. Rainfaw patterns shaw signeeficant variation.
Ower the last years, Wales haes been transformed first frae a predominantly agricultural kintra tae an industrial, an nou a post-industrial economy.
Accordin tae Professor Phil Williams , the Great Depression "devastatit Wales", north an sooth, acause o its "owerwhelmin dependence on coal an steel".
Acause o puir-quality sile, muckle o Wales is unsuitable for crap-growin an fermstockin fermin haes tradeetionally been the focus o agricultur.
The Welsh laundscape pertectit bi three naitional parks an 45 Blue Flag saunds , as well as the unique cultur o Wales, attract lairge nummers o tourists, wha play an especially vital role in the economy o rural auries.
A History of Wales. The population o Wales doobled frae , in tae 1,, in an haed reached 2,, bi Maist o the increase cam in the coal minin destricts, especially Glamorganshire , which grew frae 71, in tae , in an 1,, in Houever, thare wis an aa lairge-scale migration intae Wales in the Industrial Revolution.
The Inglis war the maist numerous group, but thare war an aa conseederable nummers o Erse an smawer nummers o ither ethnic groups,   includin Italians , wha migratit tae South Wales.
Mony o thir sel-identify as Welsh. The census shawed Wales' population tae be 3,,, the heichest in its history. The tot fertility rate TFR in Wales wis 1.
Baith Inglis an Welsh are conseedert offeecial leids o Wales,  wi Welsh forder recognised in law as haein "offeecial status".
The lairgest releegion in Wales is Christianity, wi Wales can claim ane o the auldest unbreuken leeterar tradeetions in Europe. Mony warks o Celtic airt hae been foond in Wales.
Wales is eften referred tae as "the laund o sang",  an is notable for its hairpists, male choirs, an solo airtists.
Tradeetional instruments o Wales include telyn deires triple hairp , fiddle, crwth , pibgorn hornpipe an ither instruments. It wis offeecially recognised as the Welsh naitional banner in The daffodil an the leek are an aa seembols o Wales.
The Prince o Wales' heraldic badge is an aa whiles uised tae seembolise Wales. The badge, kent as the Prince o Wales's feathers , conseests o three white feathers emerging frae a gowd coronet.
Laund o My Faithers is the Naitional Anthem o Wales, an is played at events sic as fitbaa or rugby matches involvin the Wales naitional team as weel as the openin o the Welsh Assembly an ither offeecial occasions.
Sovereign state Legal jurisdiction. Naitional Assembly UK Pairlament. The meaning behind the Welsh motto". Retrieved 22 March